To talk about paintings, and art in general, you need the vocabulary to describe, analyze, and interpret what you’re seeing. Thinking of the right words becomes easier the more art terms you know, which is where this list comes in. The idea isn’t to sit and memorize it, but if you consult the word bank regularly, you’ll start to remember more and more terms.
The list is organized by topic. First, find the aspect of a painting you wish to talk about (the colors, for instance), and then see which words match or fit with what you’re thinking. Start by putting your thoughts into a simple sentence such as this: The [aspect] is [quality]. For example, The colors are vivid or The composition is horizontal. It’ll probably feel awkward at first, but with practice, you’ll find it gets easier and more natural, and you’ll eventually be able to produce more complicated sentences.